About Airport - Introduction


Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pashto: خیبر پښتونخوا‎ Urdu: خیبر پختونخوا ‎ (KPK) formerly called North-West Frontier Province, is one of the five provinces of Pakistan, located in the north-west of the country. It borders the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the west and south, Gilgit Baltistan to the north-east, Azad Kashmir to the east, Punjab and the Islamabad Capital Territory to the south-east and Afghanistan to the north-west. The province of Baluchistan is located its southwards. The provincial capital and largest city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is Peshawar.


Before independence, the North-West Frontier Province voted to join Pakistan in a referendum on July 2, 1947; 50.1% of the registered voters(only 15% less than that in 1946 elections)[1] exercised their vote and majority (99.02%) of them voted for Pakistan. There was no option in the poll to vote to become a sovereign state independent of India and Pakistan. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and his Khudai Khidmatgars boycotted the polls with other nationalistic for pro-India Pashtuns. Some have argued that a segment of the population was barred from voting.

Afghanistan claims Pashtun-dominated western areas of the territory as its own. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Afghanistan was the only country to vote against Pakistan’s accession to the United Nations because of Kabul’s claim on the Pashtun territories on the Pakistani side of the Durand Line. The population of this region as per the 1901 Census of the North West Frontier Province was 2,125,480, out of which Muslims were 1,957,777, Hindus were 134,252 and Sikhs were 28,091.


Afghanistan's loya Jirga of 1949 declared the Durand Line invalid, which led to border tensions with Pakistan. Afghanistan's governments have periodically refused to recognize Pakistan's inheritance of British treaties regarding the region.] During the 1950s, Afghanistan supported the secessionist Pushtunistan Movement that failed to gain substantial support amongst the tribes of the North-West Frontier Province. Afghanistan's refusal to recognize the Durand Line and its subsequent support for the Pashtunistan Movement has been cited as the main cause of tensions between the two countries that have existed since Pakistan's independence. After Ayub Khan eliminated Pakistan's provinces, Yahya Khan, in 1969, abolished this "one unit" scheme and added Amb, Swat, Dir, Chitral and Kohistan to the new North-West Frontier Province as the Provincially Administered Tribal Areas.

During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979–1989) the North-West Frontier Province served as a major base for supplying the Mujahedeen who fought the Soviets during the 1980s. Following the arrival of Soviet forces, over five million Afghan refugees poured into Pakistan, most residing in the North-West Frontier Province (as of 2007, nearly 3 million remained). The province remained heavily influenced by events in Afghanistan. Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–1992) led to the rise of the Taliban, which had emerged in the border region between Afghanistan, Baluchistan, PATA and FATA as a formidable political force.

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the FATA and bordering North-West Frontier Province became a front-line region again, as part of the global "War on Terror". In 2010 the name of the province changed to "Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". Protests arose among the local Hindkowan, Chitrali, Kohistani and Kalash populations over the name change, as they began to demand their own provinces. Seven people were killed and 100 injured in protests on 11 April 2011.


About Airport


About Airport

Bacha Khan International Airport (IATA: PEW, ICAO: OPPS), previously called Peshawar International Airport, is an international airport located in the city of Peshawar of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Located about a 10-minute drive from the centre of Peshawar, it is the fourth busiest airport in Pakistan. One unusual feature is that one end of the main runway is crossed by a railway line – the seldom-used by Khyber safari train for Landi Kotal in the Khyber Pass. The airport was renamed on 27 January 2012 after Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (also known as Bacha Khan), a Pashtun nationalist political leader.

  1. The Airport was established in 1927, being used for the British Empire’s Aircrafts.
  2. After partition, the CAD and PAF started to use the Airfield jointly.
  3. Regular Domestic Flights were being operated after independence.
  4. The Airport achieved its International Status in 1965 when PIA started operation to Kabul.
  5. The regular Hajj flights were started in 1992.
  6. Existing Domestic Lounges were built in 1967.
  7. Existing International Arrival and departure lounges were constructed in 1981.
OPERATOR: Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority
SERVES: Peshawar
LOCATION: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
ELEVATION : AMSL: 1,158 ft / 353 M,
COORDINATES: 33°59′38″N 71°30′53″E
17/35 9,000 2,743 ASPHALT
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